Women In STEAM Fields

Mamie Phipps Clark

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Social Psychologist who, along with her husband Kenneth Clark, focused on the development of self-consciousness in black preschool children. She was the first African-American woman to earn a Doctor of Philosophy degree in psychology from Columbia University. The research she did with her husband on the effects of segregation on black pre-school children was influential in the 1954 case Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas where the United States Supreme Court declared the doctrine of “separate but equal” with regard to education to be unconstitutional. More…